Overview of Canadian Immigration Family Sponsorship
Family Sponsorship Program is one of the pillars of Canada’s immigration system. Since the end of the Second World War, Canada has sought to welcome immigrants to strengthen its economy, bring families together, and on humanitarian and compassionate grounds. The family class is the second largest category of newcomers welcomed by Canada under its Immigration Levels Plan. Canada is pursuing the highest levels of immigration in its history to support its post-COVID economic recovery. As such, Canada aims to welcome over 400,000 new immigrants per year, of which, over 100,000 immigrants per year fall under the family class.
The country’s immigration system is managed by the Department of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada or IRCC for short. The department was previously known as Citizenship and Immigration Canada, or CIC for short. IRCC establishes and administers Canada’s family sponsorship program. This entails establishing program criteria, accepting and reviewing family sponsorship applications, and providing permanent and temporary resident visas.
What is Canadian Family Sponsorship Program?
There are two main aspects to sponsorship:
1) It allows your family member to immigrate to Canada and get permanent residence (PR).
2) It requires you, as an individual, to make a commitment to provide for basic needs and to support that person financially.
How is COVID-19 impacting Family Sponsorship Program?
While the processing of sponsorship applications has been affected by the coronavirus pandemic, the Canadian government continues to look for innovative and compassionate ways to reunite families.
Here are some of the steps that have been taken:
IRCC has increased the number of staff who will review spousal sponsorship applications by 66% to reduce wait times and process applications more quickly.
IRCC is also implementing a pilot project that will use new technology to digitize paper applications for faster processing.
IRCC has indicated that it may implement biometric facilitation measures and introduce technology to conduct interviews with applicants remotely.
If you received Employment Insurance and Canada Emergency Response Benefit (CERB), you can still sponsor your spouse, parent, grandparent, child or other family member as long as you meet all the requirements to be a sponsor.
If the person you have sponsored received Employment Insurance (EI) or CERB during the undertaking period, this will not cause you to have to default on your obligations.
Visit our COVID-19 page to get the latest updates on how the coronavirus pandemic is affecting family sponsorship.
Can I be a sponsor?
To sponsor a family member, you are required to meet several requirements such as being:
There are exceptions to this rule, however, and it may be possible to sponsor a non-immediate family member (for example, a sister, niece, or uncle) if:
You do not have any other immediate family members you could sponsor, or
You have legally adopted them and they meet the definition of a dependent child.
What are the income requirements tosponsor?
As a sponsor, you are required to sign a Sponsorship Agreement with your sponsored family member. This is a commitment by you to provide financial support for the basic needs (food, clothing, shelter, and health needs not covered by public health services) of the person you are sponsoring.
For some types of sponsorships, you will also have to meet or exceed the Low Income Cut-off (LICO), for instance if:
If you reside in Quebec, you will have to meet Quebec’s sponsorship requirements and your income will be assessed by the Quebec immigration ministry.
What is a sponsorship undertaking?
You will be required to sign an “undertaking” making you legally responsible for the family member you are sponsoring. If that family member should need government social assistance, you will have to repay this money.
The undertaking will stay in effect for a period of time based on the family member you are sponsoring and will not be cancelled even if circumstances change (i.e. if the person you are sponsoring becomes a Canadian citizen, if you divorce or separate, if you have financial problems).
The length of the undertaking you will be required to sign will depend on the family member you are sponsoring and, in the case of children, their age:
Length of undertaking (excluding Quebec)
Spouse, common-law partner or conjugal partner
10 years, or until age 25, whichever comes first
Dependent child 22 years of age or older
Parent or grandparent
For Quebec residents, the length of the undertaking also depends on the family member you are sponsoring and, in the case of children, their age:
Length of undertaking
Spouse, common-law partner or conjugal partner
Dependent child under 16 years of age
Minimum 10 years (or until age 18), whichever is longer
Dependent child 16 years of age and older
Minimum 3 years (or until age 25), whichever is longer
How to Apply for Family Sponsorship Program?
Step 1: Ensure you meet eligibility criteria to be a sponsor.
Step 2: Ensure that the relatives you intend to sponsor meet eligibility criteria.
Step 3: You will need to apply at the federal level to the Ministry of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) and, if you are a Quebec resident, at the provincial level to the Ministry of Immigration, Francization, and Integration (MIFI). You must submit your sponsorship application and the permanent residence (PR) status applications of your family members or relatives together. Once you have been deemed eligible to sponsor, your PR application will be reviewed.
Step 4: You will be required to pay the family sponsorship application fee.
Step 5: Send your application to the right address. You will find this information in the sponsorship guide that is available for download on the government website.
Find out if you are eligible to sponsor your family.
Demonstrate that you can provide for the basic needs for yourself and your spouse or partner,
Prove your relationship with the sponsored person is genuine by providing supporting documentation.
To be eligible for spousal or common-law partner sponsorship, the sponsored person must:
Be at least 18 years of age and not too closely related to you.
Find out if you are eligible to sponsor your partner.
There are two types of spousal or common-law sponsorship applications:
Inland: The application can be made from within Canada because the person you wish to sponsor is currently in Canada. This type of sponsorship allows applicants to continue to live in Canada while their application for permanent residence is being processed.
If the application is made from within Canada, the person you are sponsoring may apply for an open work permit that would allow them to work for any employer in Canada while the sponsorship application is being processed.
The Parent and Grandparent Sponsorship Program (PGP) and the Super Visa Program are two programs that offer Canadian citizens and permanent residents the opportunity to bring their parents and grandparents to Canada.
To be eligible under the Parents and Grandparents Program, you must:
Be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident living in Canada
Be at least 18 years of age
Be the child or grandchild of the person(s) you are sponsoring
Meet the Minimum Necessary Income (MNI) required for the size of their family unit and provide Canada Revenue Agency issued notices of assessment as proof
Sign a sponsorship agreement that acknowledges your promise to provide for the basic needs of family member(s) for a period of 20 years
Sign an additional agreement if you live in Quebec
The Super Visa program allows parents and grandparents to come to Canada on extended multiple-entry visas that can last up to 10 years in total. This program is always open, and it is possible to apply at the same time as the to PGP.
To be eligible under the Super Visa Program, you must:
Located in Alberta, the immigration firm of Career Plus Immigration Consultants Inc. represents clients throughout Canada.
The information contained in this website is for general information purposes only. The information is provided by CareerPlus Immigration Consultants and while we endeavor to keep the information up to date and correct.
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