When submitting immigration applications for permanent residence or some temporary residence applications, a medical examination is required. Usually, general examination is consistent from a physical exam, blood and urine tests, x-ray, and medical history however, the applicant’s mental state is also examined.
In case the applicant has concerns about medical inadmissibility, or the application has been refused for medical reasons, there are options to resolve and/or overcome medical inadmissibility.
In permanent residence applications, the applicants may be found medically inadmissible for the following reasons:
- Medical issue that may endanger the health or safety of Canadians, or
- Medical issue that may cause extensive impact on Canada’s publicly funded health and social services
Medical examiner/officer is required to consider the seriousness, nature, and probable period of any medical issue of the applicant, when determining the medical inadmissibility of the applicant to Canada on the following grounds:
- Danger of contamination,
- Uncertain or abnormal behaviour leading to public endangerment and safety, and
- Medical services required by the applicant may cause extensive impact on Canada’s publicly funded health and social services.
In cases where the applicant’s permanent residence is refused on the basis of medical inadmissibility, the applicant can seek to legally resolve the issue by showing that the average estimation of costs of medical treatment of Canadians is not exceeded, or that there is an important humanitarian and compassionate grounds exception. A procedural fairness letter response or judicial review may be required, depending if the decision on the application is still in process or has been issued.
There are some examples of medical conditions, where the applicant may overcome medical inadmissibility depending on their health conditions which are included but are not limited to:
- Chronic Kidney Disease, Cardiac Disease, Crohn’s Disease
- Autoimmune Disease (AIDS, Lupus)
- Learning Disabilities related to Pervasive Development Disorder requiring special education
- Autism, Down Syndrome, Cerebral Palsy, Brain Disorders
- Psychiatric Disorders
- Blood Disorders, Liver Disease, Hepatitis B & C, Tuberculosis
- Other rare Diseases and Conditions